Diabetic eye disease is a group of eye problems that can affect people with diabetes. These conditions include diabetic retinopathy, diabetic macular edema, cataracts, and glaucoma.
A) DIABETIC MACULAR EDEMA:
Diabetes can lead to swelling in the macula, which is called diabetic macular edema. Over time, this disease can destroy the sharp vision in this part of the eye, leading to partial vision loss or blindness. Macular edema usually develops in people who already have other signs of diabetic retinopathy.
B) DIABETIC RETINOPATHY:
Diabetic Retinopathy is an eye complication that occurs in person due to Diabetes and which causes continuous harm to the retina. Moreover, it is the outcome of damage to the tiny blood vessels that feed the retina. These tiny blood vessels drip blood as well as other fluids that results in swelling of retinal tissue and clouding of vision.
CAUSES: The contributing factors are:
b) Inappropriate diet high in fat and carbohydrates.
c) Sedentary life-styles.
Diabetic Retinopathy produces ocular symptoms only in the last stage of the disease. As the condition progresses, diabetic retinopathy symptoms may include:
a) Spots or dark strings floating in your vision (floaters).
b) Blurred vision.
c) Fluctuating vision.
d) Impaired color vision.
e) Dark or empty areas in your vision.
f) Vision loss.
a) Intravitreal Injections.
b) Laser Treatment – Lasers are widely used in treating diabetic retinopathy and is performed as an out-patient procedure. In this treatment an intense and highly energetic beam of light is focused on the area to be treated with the aid of the slit lamp and a special contact lens.
c) Surgical Treatment/ Vitrectomy – In some patients the vitreous may pull on the retina reducing vision severely. In such cases a surgical procedure called vitrectomy is performed.